In other words, they consist of male and female flowers on the same inflorescence (spadix) that develops within a woody spathe. Factors Affecting Production. [5], There are 3.6 million kilometres dedicated to coconut production in the Philippines, which accounts for 25 per cent of total agricultural land in the country. In these countries … Over 324M bearing and non-bearing trees 3.5M coconut farmers and farm workers are dependent on the industry Annual average of 5.97% contribution to GVA and 1.14% to GNP 59% share in the world coconut exports Among the top 5 net foreign exchange earners, average of US$760M per year Production The Philippines is the world’s second largest producer of coconut products, after Indonesia. Tanzania. Those employed in the coconut industry tended to be less educated and older than the average person in the rural labor force and earned lower-than-average incomes. This variety is released for root (wilt) prevalent areas of Kerala. Based on this estimate and with an average of 100 trees per hectare, the potential is for around 95 million unproductive and senile palms to be cut and replanted. Fertilization. Image: Daniel Zuckerkandel / Shutterstock.com. The following symbols and abbreviations are used in the tables: - - - Data not yet available - None R Revised P Preliminary mt Metric Ton ha(s) Hectare/s kg Kilogram GNI … For this reason, coco oil has lost its dominant position in the international vegetable oils market, only capturing 2 per cent in 2007 from 12 per cent in 1960. It has a good keeping quality. Steps for data collection in the case study area 1. production cost of PhP15,000/ha, provides a small farmer with PhP58,000 per ha, for coconut trees alone (m onocrop). Read: How to Grow Broccoli in the Home Garden. Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is extracted from fresh coconut meat ... Agriculture Monthly magazine is the Philippines' best-selling magazine on all things agriculture. On an average the state’s soil yields over 14,000 coconuts per hectare. 58425.35. Coconut tree has 13 to 20 inches long pinnate leaves. As of 1995, the total coconut area is estimated at 3.164 million hectares. Coconut is an environment-friendly palm of the tropics. Planting and Management of Coconut Plantations Please Click Here for required page ' PUBLICATIONS --> ADVISORY CIRCULARS ' showing recommendations. And I asked myself — why can’t the Philippines do the same? The major coconut wastes include coconut shell, coconut husks and coconut coir dust. In a long- term study of salt application, 1.5 kg NaCl/tree per year is considered to be most effective and economical to increase copra weight/nut and copra yield (per tree and per hectare). According to figures published in December 2009 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, it is the world's largest producer of coconuts, producing 19,500,000 tonnes in 2009. The annual per hectare cost of production (Cost C ) for coconut worked out to Rs. However, under scientific cultivation West Coast Tall gives 80 nuts/palm/year in coastal Kerala and Karnataka. Thus,this indicates, high coconut productivity or nut yield commonly results in high profitability, under an economic situation of high copra price. The kernel (copra, coco-water and shell) comprises 65 per cent of total weight, while the husk contributes 35 per cent. big product companies may buy or you market them to local wholesale dealers. %PDF-1.4 Last Updated on Friday, 02 October 2020 03:56 Coconuts are an excellent source of energy and have great application in our life. The target of replanting 60,000 trees a year was not met. [3], In 2012, the Philippines exported more than 1.5-million metric tonnes of copra, coconut oil, copra meal, desiccated coconut, coco shell charcoal, activated carbon and coco chemicals, a 1.49 per cent increase compared to the volume exported in 2011. Historically, the Southern Tagalog and Bicol regions of Luzon and the Eastern Visayas were the centers of coconut production. Owners, often absentee, customarily employed local peasants to collect coconuts rather than engage in tenancy relationships. With only a P2,000 investment in salt fertilization for a coconut hectare, there will be an additional yield worth P10,000 for the first year and P20,000 for subsequent years. [5], By 1995, the production of coconut in the Philippines had experienced a 6.5% annual growth and later surpassed Indonesia in total output in the world.[6]. [5], When coconut prices began to fall in the early 1980s, pressure mounted to alter the structure of the industry. how many coconut trees per hectare. On an average, coconut yields 44 nuts/palm/year. Value is composed of harvested area and unit value (price). Coconut production plays an important role in the national economy of the Philippines. VALUE PER HECTARE. It is among the top ten export produce of the country as exhibited by the good export performance of both traditional and non-traditional coconut products. More than 25 regions of the state are devoted to coconut plantation, which together make Tamil Nadu the best and largest coconut producers of the country. In the last five years, Amistad said coconut production per year was 2.4 million tons of copra or 1.5 million coconut oil, compared to Malaysia’s production which increased by 45 per cent to 35 million metric tons of palm oil. Philippines 5. On an average the state’s soil yields over 14,000 coconuts per hectare. [1] Production in the Philippines is generally concentrated in medium-sized farms. Global production yield for coconut is 6 million tons in coconut oil equivalent per annum. However, spacing of 7.5 to 10 m is practised in various coconut growing regions of the country. 2.1 Coconut production. Coconut production plays an important role in the national economy of the Philippines. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports coconut production in the Philippines grew at the rate of 5.3% per year from 1911 to 1929. Food And Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coconut_production_in_the_Philippines&oldid=992831474, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 09:45. [5] In 1983, 25 to 30 percent of coconut trees were estimated to be at least 60 years old; by 1988, the proportion had increased to between 35 and 40 percent. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports coconut production in the Philippines grew at the rate of 5.3% per year from 1911 to 1929. The PCA was empowered to collect a levy of P0.55 per 100 kilograms on the sale of copra to be used to stabilize the domestic price of coconut-based consumer goods, particularly cooking oil. Production in the Philippines is generally concentrated in medium-sized farms. By Elga Reyes. Coconut tree sap is the primary ingredient that produces a multitude of delicious products including our Coconut Aminos, Teriyaki and … Even India, which ventured into coconut cultivation recently, has maintained a yield level, on average, of 8200 nuts per hectare with Tamil Nadu state reaching a record level of 13,000 nuts and Andhra Pradesh 14,000 nuts per hectare. 1 Enrolment for guarantee coverage of short-term loans extended for long gestating crops production such as coconut, banana, coffee, cocoa, mango and oil palm shall be allowed ... A. Biotechnology in the form of tissue culture was later applied to Cavendish and Lakatan banana, corn, eggplant, and tomato … However, It can grow in diverse geographical areas and their physical environment. Harvesting Coconuts and Yields. Description The coconut industry is a dominant sector of Philippine agriculture: Of the 12 million hectare of farmlands, 3.25 M hectare is devoted to coconut 68 out of 79 provinces are coconut areas. Coconut tree has 13 to 20 inches long pinnate leaves. 1. With only a P2,000 investment in salt fertilization for a coconut hectare, there will be an additional yield worth P10,000 for the first year and P20,000 for subsequent years. 12) Palawan’s yield is 100 kilos per hectare. 55 0 obj One tree may yield on average 70-100 nuts to a maximum of 150 nuts per year. Early splitting of leaves in the seedlings could be a criterion for selecting … Responding to the world market, the Philippine government encouraged processing of copra domestically and provided investment incentives to increase the construction of coconut oil mills. When I was on my way back to Manila from India earlier and made a stopover at the New Bangkok International Airport, I came across a shop selling fresh coconuts of the sweet variety at 180 baht or P195 per piece. Colombia 9. Malalag Ventures Plantation, Inc. - Davao City. Coconut shell is the most widely utilized but the reported utilization rate is very low. In 2010, nearly 15.7 million metric tons of palay (pre-husked rice) were produced. A challenge to the maximization of the yield of coconut hybrid is to overcome the Philippine coconut farmer’s resistance to using fertilizer. The oil content in this variety is around 66%. In 2010, nearly 15.7 million metric tons of palay (pre-husked rice) were produced. From a high of 81.8 metric tonnes per hectare in 1989 this decreased to only 52.5 metric tonnes per hectare in 1998, a decrease of about 35 percent. Coconut palms can be classified according to the size and stature of the palm, and are referred to as Talls and Dwarfs. The following symbols and abbreviations are used in the tables: - - - Data not yet available - None R Revised P Preliminary mt Metric Ton ha(s) Hectare/s kg Kilogram GNI Gross National Income GVA Gross Value Added With an average yield per hectare of 3,218 kilograms in 2015, gross receipts amounted to P125,985. Tan Bolters is not yet officially recommended for commercial production because of unconfirmed yield performance. The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) reported that about 3.6 million hectares of coconut trees are … The average yield per year, per palm, is approximately 110 nuts. Its Krishnagiri district’s soil, offers the maximum productivity with a yield of 18,000 coconuts per hectare. Income from coconut 5 nuts per bunch, 12 bunches per year in 80 tree Total number of nuts in 1 acre: (80 x 5 x 12) = 4800 nuts Rate of 1 nut =Rs.4 Income from nut = (4800 x 4 = 19,200) 19,200 . The analysis of investment in coconut orchard showed that, the investment made in coconut plantation is economically viable with Benefit cost ratio (BCR) greater than unity(1.23), Net present value (NPV) was positive (Rs. Fresh coconut […] Kalpasree has superior quality of coconut oil, very sweet tender nut water and meat and is resistant to root (wilt) disease. Today, the Philippines is the world’s second largest producer of coconut products – after Indonesia. [4] Land devoted to cultivation of coconuts increased by about 6 percent per year during the 1960s and 1970s, a response to devaluations of the Philippine peso (PHP) in 1962 and 1970 and increasing world demand. 4. It increased by 5.2% from 1952 to 1966. [5] In the 1980s, Western Mindanao and Southern Mindanao also became important coconut-growing regions. 1. Later in 1988, United States law requiring foods using tropical oils to be labeled indicating the saturated fat content had a negative impact on an already ailing industry and gave rise to protests from coconut growers that similar requirements were not levied on oils produced in temperate climates. application/pdf Today, the Philippines is the world’s second largest producer of coconut products – after Indonesia. The Philippines was also the world's largest rice importer in 2010. In 1974, the government created the Coconut Industry Development Fund (CIDF) to finance the development of a hybrid coconut tree. 2014-05-22T05:42:12Z uuid:e026001b-b65c-4ca6-8c9e-5aa6f641816b Overcoming coconut farmers’ resistance to fertilization of hybrid/HYVs. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports coconut production in the Philippines grew at the rate of 5.3% per year from 1911 to 1929. By early 1980, it was reported in the Philippine press that the United Coconut Oil Mills, a PCA-owned firm, and its president, Cojuangco, controlled 80 percent of the Philippine oil-milling capacity. The agency also explained that it doesn’t need much capital as production is a simple farm-level technology, using natural process of heat evaporation to convert liquid sap into solid form of sugar granules. This website links directly to a great many references which repeatedly demonstrate the importance of considering the pollinator environment, which includes the Food and Agriculture Organisation (4) (5). From a sustainability viewpoint, the harvestable energy production from tapping coconut trees for their sap (which yields 5,000 liters per hectare), rather than allowing them to produce fruit, is 5-7 times higher per hectare than coconut oil production from mature coconuts. However, the yield of the Malayan Tall is often times low; even on well managed plantations, yields are normally about 10,000 nuts per hectare per year, whereas the typical yield is closer to 3,000 nuts only! More than 25 regions of the state are devoted to coconut plantation, which together make Tamil Nadu the best and largest coconut producers of the country. 2014-05-22T05:42:15Z Philippines Ordinary (Kerachandra) The Phillippine’s ordinary variety is known to grow in all types of soil. About one third of the country’s arable agricultural land or 3.26 million hectares is planted to … Ecuador 6. Coconut is an environment-friendly palm of the tropics. 2014-05-22T05:42:15Z Yield in tons per hectare Conservative Likely Target Beetroot 14 18 25 Broccoli 5 8 12 Brussels sprouts 7 10 15 Butternut 12 15 - 18 25 - 30 Cabbage 30 50 80 - 90 Carrot, large 20 30 40 Carrot, baby 10 15 20 Cauliflower 7 - 8 10 - 12 15 - 20 Celery 15 - 20 25 - 30 40 Chilli, green 7 10 15 Chilli, dry 1,5 2,5 4 Cucumber 12 15 - 18 25 - 30 Egg-fruit 12 - 15 20 25 Garlic 6 10 15 Gem squash 12 15 - 18 25 -30 Hubbard squash … [2], According to the United Nations, coconut production in the Philippines grew at the rate of 5.3 per cent per year from 1911 to 1929, and increased by 3.5 per cent from 1966 to 1970. Global production yield for coconut is 6 million tons in coconut oil equivalent per annum. Out of the entire population of about 350 million coconut trees, 46 million are aging and need to be replaced at the rate of 1 million seedlings a … Its Krishnagiri district’s soil, offers the maximum productivity with a yield of 18,000 coconuts per hectare. [5] Minister of Defense Juan Ponce Enrile also exercised strong influence over the industry as chairman of both the United Coconut Planters Bank and United Coconut Oil Mills and honorary chairman of Cocofed. Contingent benefits included life insurance, educational scholarships, and a cooking oil subsidy, but few actually benefited. endobj <> However, It can grow in diverse geographical areas and their physical environment. stream The kernel of coconut, commonly known as copra is eaten for its energy boosting feature and the excellent medicinal value. Kalpa Jyothi Dwarf variety with … It is among the top ten export produce of the country as exhibited by the good export performance of both traditional and non-traditional coconut … Selecting and … It increased by 5.2% from 1952 to 1966. Nitro Pro 7 (7. The cost of pili nut production averaged P35,589 per hectare. Yield per hectare of 14,344 kilograms corresponded to gross receipts of P370,936. The Philippines is the 8th largest rice producer in the world, accounting for 2.8% of global rice production. (See Table 1). Thailand has … Assuming that the canopy of a palm tree is 50 m², a hectare of 200 trees will seasonally produce approximately 150,000 kg of juice per year. This is the earliest flowering cultivar and takes about 2.5 to 3 years for flowering. The Philippines, Indonesia, and India produce 70% oof world coconuts. [5], In 1978 the United Coconut Planters Bank was given legal authority to purchase coconut mills, ostensibly as a measure to cope with excess capacity in the industry. 2. Market Survey CMYK coconut cultivation in the world is around 26 million acres. He drenches the coconut trees monthly with a mixture of three kilograms (kg) of Triple 14, two kg 0-0-60, and 10 kg of salt dissolved in 200 liters of water to increase their growth and nut yield. The area under. With live fencing (1,33,200-88740) 44,460.00 2. In 2010, palay accounted for 21.86% percent of gross value added in agriculture and 2.37% of GNP. Over 324M bearing and non-bearing trees 3.5M coconut farmers and farm workers are dependent on the industry Annual average of 5.97% contribution to GVA and 1.14% to GNP 59% share in the world coconut … Hence, farmers should always aim for Fertilization. The hybrids yield 100-140 nuts/palm/year. Returns of P99,173 per hectare were realized when cash and non-cash costs were deducted. Young trees are particularly sensitive to over-fertilizing, but respond well to fish emulsion. PCA hopeful on VCO industry boom with DOST study results MANILA – With the positive results of the clinical study of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) where virgin coconut oil (VCO) was found to be an adjunct supplement that helps prevent the symptoms of COVID-19 from becoming severe, the Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA) is hopeful to see increased VCO production and domestic … They are also monoecious. The coconut production plays an important role in the economy of the world and has acquired a place in the agriculture. In 1975 the PCA acquired a bank, renamed the United Coconut Planters Bank, to service the needs of coconut farmers, and the PCA director, Eduardo Cojuangco, a business associate of Marcos, became its president. It is found to be resistant to root (wilt) disease. [4] Hybridization was then applied successfully to many other food crops such as corn, oil palm, coconut, tomatoes, and eggplant. The Philippines was also the world's largest rice importer in 2010. 5. 0. The coconut can be grown on wide variety of soils. Considering the sample size 3. Rice straw is another important biomass resource with potential availability exceeding 5 million tons per year across the country. On 1 hectare you can use precision farming and plant 1,000 trees. 0. An average well maintained plantation can get 100-400 coconuts per year, but for this example we at Plantations International will use 120 nuts per year X 1,000 trees =120,000 nuts per year. Crop Production: Ampalaya: 130,000.00: Per hectare: Baguio Beans: 60,000.00: Per hectare: Black Pepper: 30,000.00: Per ... Philippines OFFICE HOURS. Nitro Pro 7 (7. The mean annual yield is 90 nuts/palm with a copra content of 96.3g. Levies collected by the PCA were placed in the bank, initially interest-free. The synthetic variety can produce copra at 3.2 metric tons to 6.7 MT per hectare. The production level in the context of coconut oil hovers around 3.5 million tonnes per year and in the context of coconut oil cake, it is around two million … endstream For instance, the Philippines had been producing about 11,000 nuts per hectare; recently it unveiled a new coconut variety that could produce 15,000 nuts per hectare. The Philippines is currently a minor producer … Yield per hectare is derived prior to rounding-off the data on production and hectarage. It matures 90 to 110 days after planting and has a potential yield of 3.5 tons per hectare. July 30, 2014. However, ... flowering and bearing and sustainable yield of coconut … With the total of 265 MT per hour capacity, the country is capable of producing 1,559,910 MT of palm oil per year. It has a prolonged span of shelf life. Meanwhile, during its first consultative meeting on April 5, the members of the council learned that problems besetting coffee growers include seeds sourcing, pest and diseases, fertilizers, land suitability and environment, proper cultural management, post … This will accommodate 177 palms per hectare. Coconut (Cocos Nucifera L.) is popularly known as the “TREE OF LIFE” because of the variety of products and by-products made from the tree namely: coconut meat, oil, juice, husk, shell, shell charcoal, leaves, husk, pith, inflorescence, trunk and roots.Unfortunately, despite the numerous coconut plantations in the country, productivity levels remain low and one of the reasons may be attributed to … To finance the project, the levy was increased to P20. of the coconut production in the Philippines in 2016 Priority-I consists of highly suitable areas with yield of at least 2.5 tons copra or 11,250 nuts per hectare per year processing plants and companies for coconut products are also located in Calabarzon. 2. Yield per hectare is derived prior to rounding-off the data on production and hectarage. In 1985, the Philippine government agreed to dismantle the United Coconut Oil Mills as part of an agreement with the IMF to bail out the Philippine economy. According to figures published in December 2009 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, it is the world's largest producer of coconuts, producing 19,500,000 tonnes in 2009. Other varieties such as Batanes … The coconut trees provide him with an income of at least Php360,000 per year. Posted on November 11, 2020 by. On 1 hectare you can use precision farming and plant 1,000 trees. The Philippines further asserted that Brazil ignored the difference in … It increased by 5.2% from 1952 to 1966. 4. margarine and soaps). The aim of the replanting program, controlled by Cojuangco, was to replace aging coconut trees with a hybrid of a Malaysian dwarf and West African tall varieties. The coconut trees provide him with an income of at least Php360,000 per year. PC1 Bottom Line of Coconut Production: Coconut Farming is beautiful and is really Profitable Farming. Income from Intercropping and coconut = 114000+19200 1,33,200 1. Split application is done at the pre-bearing stages of palms, equivalent to 1-4 years. The Philippines contended that Brazil's calculation was distorted by the use of the per hectare production cost of new hybrid trees, while using the per hectare fruit yield of old or senile tall trees which had much lower fruit yields, involved practically no maintenance costs, and comprised the overwhelming majority of coconut trees in the Philippines. Approximately 500 million coconut trees in the Philippines produce tremendous amounts of biomass as husk (4.1 million tonnes), shell (1.8 million tonnes), and frond (4.5 million tonnes annually). The average yield of mango and rubber is increasing. The synthetic coconut's yield is three to six times more productive than conventionally used varieties. Coconut Production and Cultivation in the Philippines Introduction The coconut industry in the Philippines plays a key role in shaping national development. The leading crops by area are palay (unmilled rice), coconut, and corn in that order. It was created by crossing the tall Indica variety and a dwarf rice variety from China which increased rice potential yield to four tons per hectare (t/ha). Besides the valuable contents of the nuts, the palm yields husks, shells, leaves and the stem which are used domestically as raw materials for many products from fuel to building materials. The overall production rate is looking up since the last decade with the rise being around 25 per cent. In the early 1990s, the average coconut farm was a medium-sized unit of less than four hectares. Brazil 7. 6. The new palms were to produce five times the weight per year of existing trees. Returns above cash costs amounted to P118,357 per hectare. Of these about 30 % have already reached senility which consist mainly of palms that are 60 years old and over. Copra is the coconut meat used as raw materials for many products including coconut oil (CNO). The average yield per hectare of rice and corn is low at 2.6-2.9 metric tonnes per hectare and 1.2-1.6 metric tonnes per hectare, respectively. [5] The situation was aggravated by declining yields because of the aging of coconut trees in some regions. Coconut trees are grown in tropical countries mainly for the high oil content of the endosperm (copra), which is widely used in both food and non-food industries (e.g. <, Understanding right the productivity (yield) of coconuts in the. Marketing of Coconuts: It’s very easy to market as it has always in demand. 47371.18) and Internal rate of return (IIR) was higher than prevailing rate of interest (12 … In 1989, it produced 11.8 million tonnes and at the time was the second largest producer but has since surpassed Indonesia. Posted on November 11, 2020 by. The Philippines is the 8th largest rice producer in the world, accounting for 2.8% of global rice production. In addition to this, the coconut oil has wide application in manufacturing cosmetic … The Philippines, a primarily rice- and coconut-producing country, has plans of producing palm oil as a means to reforest areas that have been affected by illegal logging, to combat climate change, address food security and to increase the income of rural communities. The oil content in this variety is around 66%. In 2010, palay accounted for 21.86% percent of gross value added in agriculture and 2.37% of GNP. Beekeeping under coconuts can boost the coconut farmer’s earning by an average of Php 100,000 (about $ 2,000) a hectare per year. This will accommodate 177 palms per hectare. Banana production; about more than 20 kg of banana fruit per each blossom of banana can be achieved if plant manages well & care properly. An industry composed of some 0.5 million farmers and 14,000 traders was, by the early 1980s, highly monopolized. With the passing of Biofuels Act of 2006, the sugar industry in the Philippines … Philippines Ordinary (Kerachandra) The Phillippine’s ordinary variety is known to grow in all types of soil. In mango, … average coconut yields: at year 1 – 15 kg/tree (1.85 t copra/ha); year 2 – 20 kg/tree (2.46 t copra/ha); years 3-5 with 25 kg copra/tree (3.08 t copra/ha). Self-sufficiency in rice reached 88.93% in 2015. There is a continuous decline in the yield of sugar cane. Depending on the variety of the coconut trees, the male and female flowers develop at same or different times. In the culture of honeybees in coconut plantation, the spadix (inflorescent) should be allowed to secrete nectar during the day. Orgullo variety, also known as San Ramon Tall, will yield an average of 60 to 150 nuts per year, up from the national average of 45 nuts. Large production areas, in particular, are found along the coastal regions in the wet tropical areas of Asia in the Philippines, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka and Malaysia. how many coconut trees per hectare. Each tree in good stand can yield an average of two liters of sap daily and four coconut trees are needed to produce one kilo of sugar per day. For instance, the Philippines had been producing about 11,000 nuts per hectare; recently it unveiled a new coconut variety that could produce 15,000 nuts per hectare. 54 0 obj Aging coconut … Among the major food crops, coconut is the least fertilized crop in the Philippines. [5], In principle, the coconut farmers were to be the beneficiaries of the levy, which between March 1977 and September 1981 stabilized at P76 per 100 kilograms. The time taken for bearing for this type of coconut is around 5 years. Coconut Plantation Soil Requirements. By PCA’s calculation, with 100 trees per hectare, a plantation can generate a total of 7,730 nuts per year from trees planted inland to 20,540 nuts per year from trees planted within 3 kilometers from the sea. 14,000 coconuts per hectare in the Nitro Pro 7 ( 7 finance the project, the spadix ( )! Endstream endobj 54 0 obj < > stream 2014-05-22T05:42:12Z Nitro Pro 7 ( 7 estimated. S yield is three to six times more productive than conventionally used.. Cash and non-cash costs figured to P312,050 per hectare of 14,344 kilograms corresponded to gross receipts of.... At same or different times flowers develop at same or different times costs were.! Important coconut-growing regions, while the husk contributes 35 per cent of total weight while. Countries … the Philippines uuid: e026001b-b65c-4ca6-8c9e-5aa6f641816b endstream endobj 54 0 obj < > 2014-05-22T05:42:12Z. Flowers develop at same or different times ], When coconut prices began to fall in the 1980s, mounted. 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